Exploring Solanum species for resistance to root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita)

Authors

  • P Holajjer ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India Author
  • M Latha ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India Author
  • K Pradheep ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India Author
  • S R Pandravada ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India Author
  • N Sivaraj ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India Author
  • Anitha Kodaru ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2395

Keywords:

Meloidogyne incognita, resistance, Solanum, susceptible

Abstract

Sixty-six accessions including 11 Solanum species and eight accessions intermediate between S. melongena and S. insanum were screened against root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, for identification of sources of resistance. Accession of S. insanum (IC316278) and the intermediate between S. melongena and S. insanum accession (IC253952) were found to be moderately resistant (RKI: 3, 11-30 galls per root system) in initial screening, and were found susceptible when these were exposed to M. incoginta for a period of 90 days. However, accession of S. torvum was found to be resistant, as it consistently recorded less number of galls and egg masses after 45 days (7.0 galls and 4.6 egg masses per root system) and 90 days (8.4 galls and 6.6 egg masses per root system) post-inoculation of M. incognita. Thus, it can be concluded that S. torvum accession, IC618029, is a valuable source of resistance to M. incognita which can be used in nematode resistance breeding programme and as a rootstock particularly in brinjal and tomato to lessen nematode damage.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • P Holajjer, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

    ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad - 500030, Telangana, India

  • M Latha, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India

    ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India

  • K Pradheep, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India

    ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Thrissur – 680 656, Kerala, India

  • S R Pandravada, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

    ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

  • N Sivaraj, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

    ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

  • Anitha Kodaru, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

    ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Regional Station, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana, India

References

Bagnaresi, P., Sala, T., Irdani, T., Scotto, C., Lamontanara, A., Beretta, M., Rotino, G. L., Sestili, S., Cattivelli, L., & Sabatini, E. (2013). Solanum torvum responses to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. BMC Genomics, 14, 540. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-540

Garcia-Mendivil, H. A., Escudero, N., & Sorribas, F. J. (2019). Host suitability of Solanum torvum cultivars to Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica and population dynamics. Plant Pathology, 68, 1215-1224. https://doi.org/10.1111/ppa.13036

Gaur, H. S., Singh, R. V., Kumar, S., Kumar, V., & Singh, J. V. (2001) Search for nematode resistance in crops. AICRP on Nematodes, Division of Nematology, IARI, New Delhi, pp. 4

Kumar, V., Khan, M. R., & Walia, R. K. (2020). Crop loss estimations due to plant-parasitic nematodes in major crops in India. National Academy Science Letters, 43(5), 409–412. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40009-020-00895-2.

Murata, G., & Uesugi, K. (2021). Parasitism of Solanum torvum by Meloidogyne hapla populations from Japan. Journal of Phytopathology, 169, 122–128. https://doi.org/10.1111/jph.12966

Ocal, S., Ozalp, T., & Devran, Z. (2018). Reaction of wild eggplant Solanum torvum to different species of root-knot nematodes from Turkey. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 125, 577–580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41348-018-

-3

Okorley, B. A., Agyeman, C., Amissah, N., & Nyaku, S. T. (2018). Screening selected Solanum plants as potential rootstocks for the management of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita). International Journal of Agronomy, https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6715909

Ramesh, R., Achari, G., Asolkar, T., Dsouza M., & Singh, N. P. (2016). Management of bacterial wilt of brinjal using wild brinjal (Solanum torvum) as root stock. Indian Phytopathology, 69, 260-265.

Sargin, S., & Devran, Z. (2021). Degree of resistance of Solanum torvum cultivars to Mi-1.2-virulent and avirulent isolates of Meloidogyne incognita, Meloidogyne javanica, and Meloidogyne luci. Journal of Nematology, 53, e2021-68. doi: 10.21307/jofnem-2021-068.

Zhang, H., Chen. H., Tan, J., Huang, S., Chen, X., Dong, H., Zhang, R., Wang, Y., Wang, B., Xiao, X., Hong, Z., Zhang, J., Hu, J., & Zhang, M. (2023). The chromosome-scale reference genome and transcriptome analysis of Solanum torvum provides insights into resistance to root-knot nematodes. Frontiers in Plant Science, 14, 1210513. doi:10.3389/fpls.2023.1210513.

Downloads

Published

30-06-2024

How to Cite

Holajjer, P., M, L., K, P., Pandravada, S. R., N, S., & Kodaru, A. (2024). Exploring Solanum species for resistance to root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita). Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2395

Similar Articles

1-10 of 79

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.