Yield sustainability through micronutrient management in Guava

Authors

  • T Adak ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Rehmankhera, Lucknow-226101, Uttar Pradesh, India Author https://orcid.org/0009-0009-1172-2395
  • K Kumar ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow - 226101, Uttar Pradesh, India Author
  • A N Ganeshamurthy ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hessaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru, India Author https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5199-5333
  • G Pandey ICAR- Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow - 226101, Uttar Pradesh, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.1860

Keywords:

Fruit pulp, guava, micronutrient, sustainability index, yield

Abstract

A field study conducted with soil and foliar application of ZnSO4 and borax at different phenological stages of guava cv. Shewta in sandy loam soil, revealed that highest sustainable yield index (0.80) was recorded with two sprays of 0.4% ZnSO4 + 0.2% borax during fruit growth at one month interval, followed by 0.63 with three sprays of 0.4% ZnSO4 + 0.2% borax before flowering, fruit set and during fruit growth. Highest TSS (13.13°Brix), acidity (0.652%) and ascorbic acid (262.21 mg/100 g) was recorded in two sprays of 0.4% ZnSO4 + 0.2% borax at fruit growth in one month interval. Significant differences in Zn and B content in guava fruit pulp was recorded. It was noted that Guava fruit pulp had Zn content of 13.7 mg kg-1 in control tree fruits while 14.6 to 16.5 mg kg-1 in treated trees. Moreover, guava fruit pulp enriched with B (14.3 to 17.3 mg kg-1) in treated tree fruits as compared to 12.4 mg kg-1 in control trees. Micronutrient contents in leaf tissues showed significant difference in Zn and B concentration, whereas, Fe, Mn and Cu contents were statistically non-significant. The index suggested for attaining the sustainability and to economize the nutrient application, technology package consisting of two sprays of 0.4% ZnSO4 and 0.2% borax during fruit growth at one month interval should be adopted at growers’ field.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adak, T., Kumar, K., Shukla, S. K., & Pandey, G. (2020). Improving sustainable yield index in guava (Psidium guajava) through organic and inorganic inputs. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 90(7), 1267-1270.

Adak, T., Pandey, G., Singh, V. K., & Rajan, S. (2019a). Assessing soil nutrient index in mango orchards of Maal area, Lucknow, U.P. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 18(3), 263-267. https://doi.org/10.595/2455-7145.2019.00037.7

Adak, T., Pandey, G., & Rajan, S. (2019b). Advanced knowledge on soil and water conservation measures in fruit orchards. Journal of Agricultural Physics, 19(1), 35-45. http://www.agrophysics.in

Adak, T., Kumar, K., & Singh, V. K. (2019c). Assessment of soil micronutrients from a mango based agroecology of Malihabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Tropical Plant Research, 6(2), 176-182. https://doi.org/10.22271/tpr.2019.v6.i2.026

Adak, T., Rajan, S., Singh, V. K., Pandey, G., & Kumar, K. (2018). Boron and potassium content of major mango (Mangifera indica L.) germplasms. Journal of Agricultural Physics, 18(1), 135-140. http://www.agrophysics.in

Ares, A., Falcao, N., Yuyama, K., Yost, R. S., & Clement, C. R. (2003). Response to fertilization and nutrient deficiency diagnostics in peach palm in Central Amazonia. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 66(3), 221-232. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024458823052

Barne, V. G., Bharad, S. G., Dod, V. N., & Baviskar, M. N. (2011). Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and quality of Guava. The Asian Journal of Horticulture, 6(2), 546-548.

Das, B., Nath, V., Jana, B. R., Kumar, S., & Dey, P. (2007). Evaluation of different methods of crop regulation in guava grown under rainfed plateau conditions of Eastern India. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 64(3), 294-299.

Kumar, K., Adak, T., & Singh, V. K. (2017). Green manuring and nutrient management impacting soil properties and sustainability of mango orchard. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 16(1), 72-78. https://doi.org/10.5958/2455-7145.2017.00013.3

Montanaro, G., Xiloyannis, C., Nuzzo, V., & Dichio, B. (2017). Orchard management, soil organic carbon and ecosystem services in Mediterranean fruit tree crops. Scientia Horticulturae, 217, 92-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2017.01.012

Morales-Sillero., A., Fernández., J. E., Ordovás., J., Suárez., M. P., Pérez., J. A., Liñán., J., López., E. P., Girón. I., & Troncoso, A. (2009). Plant-soil interactions in a fertigated ‘Manzanilla de Sevilla’ olive orchard. Plant and Soil, 319(1-2), 147-162. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-008-9857-0

Neilsen, G., Forge, T., Angers, D., Neilsen, D., & Hogue, E. (2014). Suitable orchard floor management strategies in organic apple orchards that augment soil organic matter and maintain tree performance. Plant and Soil, 378, 325–335. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-014-2034-8

Patel, R. K., Maiti, C. S., Deka, B. C., Deshmukh, N. A., & Nath, A. (2013). Changes in sugars, pectin and antioxidants of guava (Psidium guajava) fruits during fruit growth and maturity. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 83(10), 1017-1021.

Ranganna, R. (2001). Handbook of analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetable products, 2nd edition. Tata Mcgraw Hill, pp. 860-861.

Singh, R. P., Das, S. K., Bhaskar Rao, U. M., & Narayana Reddy, M. (1990). Towards Sustainable Dryland Agricultural Practices. CRIDA, Hyderabad, India.

Sheoran, O. P., Tonk, D. S., Kaushik, L. S., Hasija, R. C., & Pannu, R. S. (1998). Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers. Recent Advances in Information Theory, Statistics & Computer Applications by D. S. Hooda & R. C. Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar (pp. 139-143).

Wanjari, R. H., Singh, M. V., & Ghosh, P. K. (2004). Sustainable yield index: An approach to evaluate the sustainability of long-term intensive cropping systems in India. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 24(4), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v24n04_05

Vittal, K. P. R., Maruthi Sankar, G. R., Singh H. P., & Samra, J. S. (2002). Sustainability of Practices of dryland agriculture: Methodology and assessment. All India Coordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture, Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Hyderabad - 500059, p 100.

Downloads

Published

31-12-2023

Issue

Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Adak, T., Kumar, K., Ganeshamurthy, A. N., & Pandey, G. (2023). Yield sustainability through micronutrient management in Guava. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.1860

Similar Articles

1-10 of 424

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>