Response of selected scion and rootstock grape (Vitis spp.) genotypes to induced drought stress

Authors

  • S Amulya ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India Author
  • J Prakash ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India Author
  • S K Singh ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India Author
  • M K Verma ICAR- Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Srinagar - 191132, India Author
  • V B Patel Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi - 110012, India Author
  • M Thakre ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India Author
  • C Kumar ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India Author
  • K Shankar ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2370

Keywords:

Clustering, drought-induced, principal component analysis, V. parviflora, well-watered

Abstract

Climate change is expected to elevate drought frequency, straining agricultural freshwater resources. Developing drought-tolerant grapevine varieties is crucial. This study examined grape scion and rootstock genotypes under well-watered (WW) and induced-drought (ID) conditions. ID treatment reduced vine length by 11.34-35.15%, with Vitis parviflora, 110R, and Male Hybrid rootstocks showing superior growth. Root length increased under ID, indicating an adaptive moisture-seeking response. The ID treatment led to substantial reduction in leaf count and average leaf area, especially in Flame Seedless (27.71 and 19.07 cm2, respectively). Drought stress elevated chlorophyll a:b ratio, affecting chlorophyll degradation in different genotypes. Significant variations were observed in leaf and root iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) contents. Enzyme activities particularly peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase especially rose under drought, particularly in V. parviflora (3.39 μM guaiacol min-1 mg-1 protein and 1.33EU/ml/min respectively) likely to be contributing in drought tolerance mechanism. Principal component analysis (PCA) highlighted impact of traits on genotypes, emphasizing V. parviflora, Male Hybrid and Pusa Navrang as superior drought stress tolerant genotypes. Genotype clustering confirmed distinct groupings, while, correlation analysis unveiled intricate trait interactions.

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Author Biographies

  • S Amulya , ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India

    Ph.D. Student

    Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology

    Rank 1

  • J Prakash, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India

    Principal Scientist,

    ICAR-IARI

    Rank 2

  • S K Singh, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

    Director and Professor

    IARI-IIHR

    Rank 3

  • M K Verma, ICAR- Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Srinagar - 191132, India

    Director

    ICAR- Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture

    Rank 4

  • V B Patel, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi - 110012, India

    ADG, Horticulture, ICAR

    Rank 5

  • M Thakre, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India

    Senior scientist,

    Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology

    Rank 6

  • C Kumar, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India

    Scientist,

    Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology

    Rank 7

  • K Shankar, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi - 110012, India

    Ph.D. scholar

    Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology

    Rank 8

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Published

30-06-2024

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Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

S, A., Dr. Jaiprakash, Singh, S. K., Verma, M. K., Patel, V. B., Thakre, M., Chavlesh Kumar, & Kripa Shankar. (2024). Response of selected scion and rootstock grape (Vitis spp.) genotypes to induced drought stress. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2370

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