Evaluation of Taro (Colocasia esculenta L.) Cultivars for Growth, Yield and Quality Attributes
Keywords:Colocasia, Taro Cultivars, Growth, Yield, Quality
A study on varietal evaluation in taro for growth, yield and quality attributes was carried out in a replicated experiment and morphological and chemical analysis was done. Significant differences were recorded for all the characteristics studied. 'Panchmukhi' recorded highest plant height (179.33cm), petiole length (153.11cm), petiole breadth (13.87mm) and leaf size (3095.67cm2), LAI (1.14), corm length (152.41mm) and breadth (107.77mm), average corm weight (1500.00g) and corm yield (20.00t/ha). 'C-3' recorded maximum (15.00) petiole number and cormel length (85.93mm). Cormel yield (15.29t/ha), total yield (25.92t/ha) and number of cormels per plant (30.33) was found to be maximum in cv. White Gouriya. 'ML-2' recorded maximum (7.33) number of side shoots. Highest average cormel weight (72.85g) was maximum in cv. Arcol-7, and 'Arcol-5' recorded maximum (67.43mm) cormel breadth; the least blight incidence percentage (8.00) was recorded in 'Nayabungalow'. As for biochemical constituents, 'Nainital' recorded the highest (5.85%) total sugars, 'Kandha-5' exhibited the highest (34.67%) starch content and 'Nadia Local' with showed highest levels of oxalic acid (1.05mg/100g). Highest dry matter content (27.50%) was recorded in cvs. KCA-1 and Panchmukhi, while the highest moisture percentage (82.83) was recorded in 'IG Coll-5'.
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