Morpho-biochemical characterization of a unique avocado (Persia americana Mill.) accession PA-026 (IC0644455)

Authors

  • Muralidhara B M College of Horticulture, Bengaluru, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkote - 587104, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6672-9019
  • Sakthivel T ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India
  • Shivashankara K S ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India
  • Karunakaran G ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7969-2104
  • Honnabyraiah M K College of Horticulture, Bengaluru, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkote - 587104, India
  • Savadi S ICAR-Directorate of Cashew Research, Puttur - 574202, India
  • Venkatravanappa V ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8477-9693
  • Venugopalan R ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India
  • Lakshmana Reddy D C ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.1675

Abstract

A unique avocado accession PA-026 (IC0644455) bearing yellow colour fruits was identified and evaluated for morphological and biochemical parameters. The accessions PA-026 characterise as yellow coloured pulp, young shoots and leaf midribs, fruit weight (398.3 g), pulp weight (255.38 g), seed weight (92.35 g) and peel thickness (1.43 mm). The biochemical profiling showed that, it has high carotenoid content (7.17 mg/100 g), total phenols (102.24 mg GAE/100 g), FRAP activity (87.32 AEAC/100 g) and high β-carotene (3.85 μg/g) followed by α-carotene (1.03 μg/g), while, fatty acid profile showed presence of five fatty acids, among which oleic acid (52.11%) and palmitic acid (41.56%) were most dominant. In conclusion, avocado accession PA-026 was found unique with respect to yellow fruit, pulp colour, and high carotenoid content especially β-carotene, which could be used to improve the carotenoids content in avocado through breeding.

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Author Biographies

Sakthivel T, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

Division of Fruit Crops, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru

Savadi S, ICAR-Directorate of Cashew Research, Puttur - 574202, India

ICAR-Directorate of Cashew Research, Puttur

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Published

2024-02-02

How to Cite

B M, M., T, S., K S, S., G, K., M K, H., S, S., V, V., R, V., & D C, L. R. (2024). Morpho-biochemical characterization of a unique avocado (Persia americana Mill.) accession PA-026 (IC0644455). Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.1675

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