Morpho-biochemical characterization of Psidium species


  • Vishwakarma Pradeep Kumar ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India
  • Vasugi C ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India
  • Shivashankara K S ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India



Ascorbic acid, correlation, guava breeding, Psidium cattleianum, Psidium


Several Psidium species are available with many important traits, lack of intensive characterization limits their use in guava improvement. Therefore, the present study was carried out to characterize five wild Psidium species (P. molle, P. chinensis, P. guineense, P. cattleianum var. cattleianum and P. cattleianum var. lucidum) and two P. guajava genotypes (cv. ‘Arka Poorna’ and ‘H 12-5’), based on morphological and biochemical traits. Among morphological traits, fruit weight was ranged from 5.22 g (P. cattleianum var. cattleianum) to 225.14 g (‘H 12-5’), however, among biochemical traits, highest TSS (12.06 ºBrix) and total sugars (9.98%) were recorded in cv. ‘Arka Poorna’, while, lowest recorded in P. cattleianum var. lucidum. Highest ascorbic acid was recorded in P. chinensis (205.33 mg/100 g), whereas, lowest recorded in P. guineense (60.83 mg/100 g). A positive correlation was observed among wild Psidium species but none had correlation with P. guajava genotypes for quantitative traits.


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Author Biographies

Vishwakarma Pradeep Kumar, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sukhet, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar, India, 848125

Vasugi C, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

Principal Scientist, Division of Fruit Crops, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, India, 560089

Shivashankara K S, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

Principal Scientist and Head, Division of Basic Sciences, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, India, 560089


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How to Cite

Pradeep Kumar, V., C, V., & K S, S. (2023). Morpho-biochemical characterization of Psidium species. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 18(2).



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