Morpho-biochemical characterization of Psidium species

Authors

  • P K Vishwakarma ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India Author https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4622-2330
  • C Vasugi ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India Author
  • K S Shivashankara ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.1435

Keywords:

Ascorbic acid, correlation, guava breeding, Psidium cattleianum, Psidium

Abstract

Several Psidium species are available with many important traits, lack of intensive characterization limits their use in guava improvement. Therefore, the present study was carried out to characterize five wild Psidium species (P. molle, P. chinensis, P. guineense, P. cattleianum var. cattleianum and P. cattleianum var. lucidum) and two P. guajava genotypes (cv. ‘Arka Poorna’ and ‘H 12-5’), based on morphological and biochemical traits. Among morphological traits, fruit weight was ranged from 5.22 g (P. cattleianum var. cattleianum) to 225.14 g (‘H 12-5’), however, among biochemical traits, highest TSS (12.06 ºBrix) and total sugars (9.98%) were recorded in cv. ‘Arka Poorna’, while, lowest recorded in P. cattleianum var. lucidum. Highest ascorbic acid was recorded in P. chinensis (205.33 mg/100 g), whereas, lowest recorded in P. guineense (60.83 mg/100 g). A positive correlation was observed among wild Psidium species but none had correlation with P. guajava genotypes for quantitative traits.

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Author Biographies

  • P K Vishwakarma, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

    Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sukhet, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar, India, 848125

  • C Vasugi, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

    Principal Scientist, Division of Fruit Crops, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, India, 560089

  • K S Shivashankara, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru - 560089, Karnataka, India

    Principal Scientist and Head, Division of Basic Sciences, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, India, 560089

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Vishwakarma, P. K., Vincent, L., Vasugi, C., & Rajasekharan, P. E. (2021). Effect of cryopreservation on pollen viability, fertility and morphology of different Psidium species. Cryobiology, 98, 112-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2020.11.017.

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Published

31-12-2023

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Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Vishwakarma, P. K., Vasugi, C., & Shivashankara, K. S. (2023). Morpho-biochemical characterization of Psidium species. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.1435

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