Standardization of container type, substrate and nutrition for potted plant production of China aster [Callistephus chinensis (L.) Ness.] var. Arka Archana


  • Smitha G R ICAR-IIHR
  • Dr. Principal Scientist, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru
  • Dr. D. Kalaivanan Scientist, Division of Natural Resources, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru


Containers, substrate, China aster, nutrients, floriferousness, potted plant


A study was conducted at the ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Hesaraghatta, Bengaluru for three consecutive seasons during 2019-20, to standardize the container type, substrate combination and nutrition for potted plant production of China aster var. Arka Archana. The treatments comprised of two type of containers (plastic and coir), three substrates {Red soil + FYM + Sand (1:1:1 v/v), Arka Fermented cocopeat (AFC), AFC + Vermicompost (1:1 v/v)} and four nutrition concentration (160:30:180 ppm N:P: K, 128:24:144 ppm N:P: K, 96:18:108 ppm N:P: K and Jeevamrutha @ 3%) laid out in factorial completely randomized design with three replications. Plant height at flowering (33.12 cm), number of primary branches (12.4), plant spread (536.64 cm2), number of flowers/plant (26.47), flower size (5.26 cm) and uptake of major, secondary and minor nutrients were maximum in the plants grown in 6" plastic pots using the substrate combination of soil +sand +FYM (1:1:1 v/v/v) along with the weekly application of nutrient solution of 96:18:108 ppm NPK/plant. This production protocol resulted in a dense canopy and highly floriferous potted plants. The benefit cost ratio of potted China aster production was 1.70. This technology can be adopted by the nurserymen for large-scale commercial potted plant production.


Download data is not yet available.


Anonymous, 2019. Flower Pots and Planters Market Insights, Trends, Opportunity & Forecast.
Beeks, S.A. and Evans, M.R. 2013. Physical properties of biocontainers used to grow long-term greenhouse crops in an ebb-and-flood irrigation system. Hort Sci., 48(6), 732-737.
Bilderback, S.L., Warren, J.S. Owen, Jr., and Albano J.P. Hort Tech. 15: 747-751.
Brumfield, R.G., DeVincentis, A.J., Wang, X., Fernandez, R.T., Nambuthiri, S., Geneve, R.L., Koeser, A.K., Bi, G., Li, T., Sun, Y., Niu, G., Cochran, D., Fulcher, A. and Stewart, J.R. 2015. Economics of utilizing alternative containers in ornamental crop production systems. Hort Tech. 25(1): 17-25.
Carlile, T.M. and Amon, A. 2008. Meiosis I is established through division-specific translational control of a cyclin. Cell: 133: 280-291.
Caron, J. and Nkongolo, V.K.N. 1999. Aeration in growing media: recent developments. Acta Hortic. 481: 545-552.
Donato Castronuovo, Pietro Picuno, Carlo Manera, Antonio Scopa, Adriano Sofo and Vincenzo Candido. 2015. Biodegradable pots for Poinsettia cultivation: Agronomic and technical traits. Scientia Horticulturae. 197: 150-156.
Evans, M.R., Koeser, A.K., Bi, G., Nambuthiri, S., Geneve, R., Lovell, S.T. and Stewart, R.J. 2015. Impact of biocontainers with and without shuttle trays on water use in the production of a containerized ornamental greenhouse crop. Hort Tech. 25(1): 35-41.
Hoft, M.R. Verpoorte and Beck, E. 1996. Growth and alkaloid content in leaves of Tabernaemontana pachysiphon Stapf (Apocynaceae) as influenced by light intensity, water and nutrient supply. Oecologia 107: 160-169.
Huante, P.E., Rincon, and Acosta I. 1995. Nutrient availability and growth rate of 34 woody species from a tropical deciduous forest in Mexico. Funct. Ecol. 9: 849-858.
Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi.
Kaitlyn McBride, Richard J. Henny, Jianjun Chen and Terri A. Mellich. 2014. Effect of Light Intensity and Nutrition Level on Growth and Flowering of Adenium obesum ‘Red’ and ‘Ice Pink’. Hort Science 49(4): 430-433.
Kumar K. and Goh K.M. 2000. Crop Residues and Management Practices: Effects on Soil Quality, Soil Nitrogen Dynamics, Crop Yield, and Nitrogen Recovery. Advances in Agronomy 68: 197-319.
Lucas, N., Bienaime, C., Belloy, C., Queneudec, M., Silvestre, F. and Nava-Saucedo, J.E., 2008. Polymer biodegradation: mechanisms and estimation techniques. Chemosphere 73: 429-442.
Mart, M. 2012. Strike a pose: Mandevilla vogue. Grower Talks 76: 1-8.
Minuto, G., Minuto, A., Pisi, L., Tinivella, F., Guerrini, S., Versari, M., Pini, S., Capurro, M. and Amprimo, I., 2008. Use of compostable pots for potted ornamental plants production. Acta Hortic (ISHS) 801: 367-372.
Nkongolo N.V. and Caron, J., 2006. Pore space organization and plant response in peat substrates: II. Dendrathemum morifolium Ramat. Scientific Research and Essay 1(3): 93-102.
Pratiksha Kumari, Rajiv Kumar, T.M. Rao, Usha Bharathi, M.V. Dhananjaya and Bhargav, V. (2018). Crossability studies in China Aster [Callistephus chinensis (L.) Nees]. International J. Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 7: 2169-2175.
Raviv, M., Wallach, R., Silber, A. and Bar-Tal, A., 2002. Substrates and their analysis. Hydroponic production of vegetables and ornamentals pp.25-105.
Sartore, L., Vox, G. and Schettini, E. 2013. Preparation and performance of novel biodegradable polymeric materials based on hydrolyzed proteins for agricultural application. J. Polym. Environ 21(3): 718-725.
Van Iersel, M.W.R.B., Beverly, P.A., Thomas J.G. and Mills, H.A. 1999. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium effects on pre-and post-transplant growth of salvia and Vinca seedlings. J. Plant Nutr. 22:1403-1413.




How to Cite

Smitha G R, Sujatha A. Nair, & D. Kalaivanan. (2022). Standardization of container type, substrate and nutrition for potted plant production of China aster [Callistephus chinensis (L.) Ness.] var. Arka Archana. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 17(2), 371–380. Retrieved from



Original Research Papers

Most read articles by the same author(s)