Advancing fruiting season in Annona cv. Arka Sahan through pruning

Authors

  • Subhash Chander Punjab Agricultural University, RRS, Abohar - 152116, India Author
  • Reju M Kurian ICAR- Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089 Author
  • Satisha J ICAR- Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089 Author
  • KK Upreti ICAR- Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089 Author
  • RH Laxman ICAR- Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089 Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v17i2.1434

Keywords:

Annona, biochemical constituent, fruit quality, off-season, pruning

Abstract

Annona cultivar ‘Arka Sahan’, an inter-specific hybrid of Annona atemoya × A. squamosa
comes to harvest during August-September under mild tropical climate, which coincides with monsoon rains resulting in poor fruit quality and high susceptibility to anthracnose and fruit fly. An attempt was made to advance the fruiting in this hybrid through pruning during 2016- 17 and 2017-18. The effect of three pruning levels (25, 50 and 75% of previous season’s growth) at five different times (60, 75, 90, 105 and 120 days after final harvest of previous crop) on flowering and fruiting were compared. Early sprouting, flowering and fruit harvest were recorded in trees pruned to 75% of the past season’s growth in both the years. Earliest fruits were harvested 271 (3rd week of June) and 268 (2nd week of June) days after pruning in trees pruned during first week of October in 2016-17 and 2017-18 respectively (P<0.05).
Bigger fruits with lesser seeds per 100 g of pulp (P<0.05) were harvested from trees pruned to 75% and 25% levels in the first and second year, respectively, irrespective of pruning time. Tree canopy following pruning at 75%level recorded higher light interception and photosynthetic rate (P<0.05). Pruning time and levels significantly influenced the biochemical constituents of leaf and shoot. The fruiting in cultivar ‘Arka Sahan’ could be thus advanced by 8-9 weeks to June from the normal season of August-September with comparable or better fruit quality by pruning 75% of the last season’s growth during October.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adhikari, S. and Kandel, T. P. 2015. Effect of time and level of pruning on vegetative growth, flowering, yield, and quality of guava. International Journal of Fruit Science, 15(3): 290-301.
A.O.A.C. 1975. Official methods of analysis. Association of the Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C. 8th Edn.
Bagchi, T. B., Sukul, P. and Ghosh, B. 2008. Biochemical changes during off-season flowering in guava (Psidium guajava L.) induced by bending and pruning. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, B: 64-66.
Chander, S. and Kurian, R. M. 2019. Effect of crop load, fruit position and shoot vigour on yield and quality of Annona atemoya × Annona squamosa in India. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 94(4): 507-512.
Chander, S., Kurian, R. M., Satisha, J., Upreti, K. K. and Laxman, R. H. 2019. Chemical interventions for advancing the fruiting season of sugar apple (Annona squamosa L.) cv. Balanagar. International Journal of Chemical Studies, 7(1): 774-781.
Chitkara, S. D., Arora, R. K. and Sharma, R. K. 1991. Effect of various levels of pruning on physio-chemical characters of fruit in Flordasun Peach. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 20(3): 189–192.
Choudhary, K. and Dhakare, B. B. 2018. Influence of pruning intensities on growth, yield and fruit attributes of custard apple. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7: 5311-5315.
George, A. P. and Nissen, R. J. 1987. Effects of cincturing, defoliation and summer pruning on vegetative growth and flowering of custard apple (Annona cherimola x Annona squamosa) in subtropical Queensland. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 27(6): 915-918.
George, A.P, Nissen, R. J. and Campbell, J. A. 1991. Pollination and selection in Annona species (cherimoya, atemoya and sugar apple). Frontier in Tropical Fruit Research, 321: 178-185.
Gupta, N and Gill, M S. 2015. Effect of intensity of pruning on yield and fruit quality of ber (Ziziphus mauritiana L.) cv. Umran. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 8(1): 69-73.
Hiscox, J. D. and Israelstam, G. F. 1979. A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Journal of Botany, 57(12): 1332-1334.
Jalikop, S. H. and Kumar, R. 2007. Pseudo-xenic effect of allied Annona spp. Pollen in hand pollination of cv. ‘Arka Sahan’ [(A. cherimola × A. squamosa) × A. squamosa]. HortScience, 42(7): 1534-1538.
Kadam, S R, Dheware, R M. and Urade, P S. 2018. Effect of different levels of pruning on quality of custard apple (Annona squamosa L.). International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management, 9(5): 573-575.
Marini, R. P. and Marini, M. C. 1983. Seasonal changes in specific leaf weight, net photosynthesis, and chlorophyll content of peach leaves as affected by light penetration. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 108: 600-605.
Mehta, S., Singh, S. K., Das, B., Jana, B. R. and Mali, S. 2012. Effect of pruning on guava cv. sardar under ultra high-density orcharding system. Vegetos, 25(2): 192-195.
Olesen, T. and Muldoon, S. J. 2012. Effects of defoliation on flower development in atemoya custard apple (Annona cherimola Mill. × A. squamosa L.) and implications for flower-development modelling. Australian Journal of Botany, 60(2): 160-164.
Olesen, T. and Muldoon, S. J. 2009. Branch development in custard apple (Annona cherimola Miller × A. squamosa L.) in relation to tip-pruning and flowering, including effects on production. Trees, 23(4): 855-862.
Palanichamy, V., Mitra, B., Srivastav, M. and Singh, S. K. 2011. Studies on various grape genotypes through development of bearing zones and pruning severity. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 4(10): 7-10.
Schaffer, B. and Gaye, G. O. 1989. Effects of pruning on light interception, specific leaf density and leaf chlorophyll content of mango. Scientia Horticulturae, 41(1-2): 55-61.
Shaban, A. E. A. and Haseeb, G. M. M. 2009. Effect of pruning severity and spraying some chemical substances on growth and fruiting of guava trees. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science, 5(6): 825-831.
Sharma, D. P. and Chauhan, J. S. 2003. Response of pruning intensities and fertilizer treatments on yield, fruit quality and photosynthetic efficiency of peach. In: VII International Symposium on Temperate Zone Fruits in the Tropics and Subtropics, 662: 237-241.
Sharma, R. R., Singh, R. and Singh, D. B. 2006. Influence of pruning intensity on light penetration and leaf physiology in high-density orchards of mango trees. International Journal of Fruit Science, 61(2): 117-123.
Sheoran, O. P., Tonk, D. S, Kaushik, L.S., Hasija, R. C. and Pannu, R. S. 1998. Statistical software package for agricultural research workers. Recent Advances in Information Theory, Statistics & Computer Applications by D.S. Hooda & R.C. Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar (139-143).
Singh, V K. and Singh, G. 2007. Photosynthetic efficiency, canopy micro climate and yield of rejuvenated guava trees. Acta Horticulturae, 735: 326-331.
Soler, L and Cuevas, J. 2008. Development of a new technique to produce winter cherimoyas. HortTechnology, 18(1): 24-28.
Somogyi, M. (1952). Notes on sugar determination. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 200: 245-247.
Sritharan, N, Vijayalakshmi, C. and Selvaraj, P. K. 2010. Effect of micro-irrigation technique on physiological and yield traits in aerobic rice. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, 3(1): 26-28.
Teaotia, S. S. and Singh, R. D. 1971. The effect of training on growth, cropping and physico-chemical properties of guava cv. Allahabad Safeda. Progressive Horticulture, 2: 5-20.
Vinay, G. M. and Chithiraichelvan, R. 2014. Induction of off-season flowering in custard apple (Annona squamosa L.) cv. Balanagar. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 10(1): 13-17.
Zabadal, T. J., Vanee, G. R., Dittmer, T. W. and Ledebuhr, R. L. 2002. Evaluation of strategies for pruning and crop control of concord grapevines in Southwest Michigan. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 53: 20-24.

Downloads

Published

31-12-2022

Issue

Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Subhash Chander, Reju M Kurian, Satisha J, KK Upreti, & RH Laxman. (2022). Advancing fruiting season in Annona cv. Arka Sahan through pruning. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 17(2), 316-324. https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v17i2.1434

Similar Articles

1-10 of 404

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)