Ex-Situ Conservation of An Endangered Medicinal Plant Andrographis Paniculata By Plant Tissue Culture


  • Marjia Akhter Monika Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh Author
  • Mohammed Shafi Ullah Bhuiyan Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh Author
  • Kishore Kumar Sarker Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh Author
  • Mst Maiful Akter Dina Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh Author
  • Sayeda Sultana Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh Author




callus, Kalmegh, medicinal plant, organogenesis, stem explants


An effective and rapid in vitro regeneration protocol of Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata) was established by investigating the factors like combinations of plant growth regulators and explant types (stem, leaf and midrib). To find out the effective medium for callus induction and shoot regeneration, different explants of A. paniculata were cultured on MS media enriched with several concentrations of 6-benzylaminopurine (BA), α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and 2, 4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D). Stem explant was noticed more responsive than leaf and midrib explant both in callus initiation and shoot regeneration. The ranges of callus initiation from stem, leaf and midrib explants were 26.67 - 100%, 20 - 93.33% and 13.33 - 73.33%, respectively. The calli obtained from midrib explants were not used in shoot initiation because of its poor size. The stem explant exhibited the maximum 73.33% shoot regeneration frequency in a comparison with leaf explants (60%). The maximum callus induction (100%) and shoot regeneration (73.33%) from stem explants were noticed in MS medium strengthened with 0.5 mg/L NAA and 2.0 mg/L BA and half strength MS media complemented with 0.1 mg/L NAA and 3.0 mg/L BA respectively. The highest shoot regeneration from the stem explant may be due to presence of more active parenchymatous cells than that of leaf explant. Half MS medium fortified with 2.0 mg/L IBA considered as best root initiation medium as it resulted in maximum rooting (93.33%). After acclimatization, the plants were transferred to field and found identical to the mother plant.


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Author Biographies

  • Marjia Akhter Monika, Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh


    Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding

    Sylhet Agricultural University, sylhet-3100

  • Mohammed Shafi Ullah Bhuiyan, Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh


    Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding

    Sylhet Agricultural University


  • Kishore Kumar Sarker, Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh

    Assistant Professor

    Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding

    Sylhet agricultural University


  • Mst Maiful Akter Dina, Sylhet Agricultural University, Bangladesh


    Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding

    Sylhet Agricultural University



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Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Monika, M. A., Bhuiyan, M. S. U., Sarker, K. K., Dina, M. M. A., & Sultana, S. (2022). Ex-Situ Conservation of An Endangered Medicinal Plant Andrographis Paniculata By Plant Tissue Culture. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 17(2), 467-478. https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v17i2.1425

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