Pheromone Trapping Protocols for Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Evaluation of Trap Design, Quantity and Dispenser


  • N K Krishna Kumar Author
  • B Krishna Kumari Author
  • H S Singh Author
  • H R Ranganath Author
  • B Shivakumara Author
  • C M Kalleshwaraswamy Author



Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis, Pheromone Traps and Lures.


Studies were conducted at the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, and Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Bhubaneshwar, India, to evaluate trap design, quantity of pheromone loading and dispensers for attracting brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) using indigenously synthesized pheromone lure [synthesized by Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad], during 2003 and 2004. A water trap consisting of plastic container (20 cm dia. and 7.5 cm depth) with a facility to place the pheromone septum was designed. Pheromone load of 4 mg in both water trap and Pest Control India (PCI®) delta trap was observed to catch higher number of male moths compared to dispensers with lesser loading. When trap designs were compared, water trap with pheromone lure was observed to attract higher number of males than Pest Control India (PCI®) delta trap. Among the different pheromone dispensers tested, rubber septum was superior to plastic vial or plastic septum. Rubber septum supplied by Bio Pest Management® captured significantly higher number of moths compared to rubber and plastic septum supplied by difTerent firms. A comparison of IICT synthesized lures along with some commercially available lures indicated that Bio Pest Management® lure dispensed in rubber outperformed PCI® and IICT lures.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahmad, R. 1977. Studies on the pests of brinjal and their control with special reference to fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Ento. Newsletter, 7:2-3.

Attygalle, A. B., Schwaraz, J. and Gunawardena, N. E. 1988. Sex pheromone of brinjal fruit and shoot borer Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee {Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Z. Naturforsch., 43:790-792.

Cork, A., Alam, S. N., Das, A., Das, C. S., Ghosh, G. C , Farman, D. I., Hall, D. R., Maslen, N. R., Vedham, K., Phythian, S. J., Rouf, F. M. A. and Srinivasan, K. 2001. Female sex pheromone of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), blend optimisation. J. Chem. EcoL, 27:1867-1877.

Jagan Mohan, N., Krishna Kumar, N. K. and Prasad, V. G. 1980. Chemical control of leafhopper {Amrasca biguttula biguttula) and fruit borer {Leucinodes orbonalis) on brinjal. Pesticides, 14:19-21.

Jones, O. T. 1998. Practical application of pheromones and other semiochemicals. pp 263-276. In: Insect pheromones and their use in pest management. Howse, P. E., Stems., Jones, O. T. (eds.).

Kabir, K. H., Baksh, M. E., Rouf, F. M. A., Karim, M. A. and Ahmed, A. 1996. Insecticide usage pattern on vegetables at farmer's level of Jessore region in Bangladesh: a survey finding. Bangladesh J. Agric. Res., 21:241-254.

Kawazu, K., Hasegava, J. I., Honda,H., Ishikawa, Y., Wakamula, S., Sugie, H., Kamiwada, H., Kamimoro, T., Yoshiyasu, Y. and Tatsuki, S. 2000. Geographic variation in female sex pheromone of the rice leaf folder moth, Cnephalocrosis medinalis: Identification of pheromone components in Japan. Ent. Exp. AppL, 96:103-109.

Krishna Kumar, N.K., Venugopalan, R., Krishna Moorthy, P N., Shivakumara, B. and Ranganath, H. R. 2004. Influence of weather factors on the attraction of male eggplant shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee to synthetic sex-pheromone in South India. PestMgt. Hortl. Ecosys., 10:161-168.

Kumar, A.R.V. and Shivakumara, B. 2003. Variable response of Helicoverpa armigera moth to sex pheromone blends: A case of behavioural polymorphism? Curr ScL, 84(5):705-709

Kuppuswamy, S. and Balasubramanian, M. 1980. Efficacy of synthetic pyrethroids against brinjal shoot and fruit borer. 5. Ind. Hort., 28:91-93.

Nandihalli, B. S., Kuberappa, G. C. and Viswanathappa, K. R. 1996. Survey of insect pests of potato in Hassan, Kamataka. Mysore J. Agril. ScL, 30:138-141.

Zhu, P, Kong, F., Yu, S., Yu, N., Jin, S., Hu, X, and Xu, J. 1987. Identification of the sex pheromone of eggplant borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Z. Naturforsch., 42:1347-1348.






Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Kumar, N. K. K., Kumari, B. K., Singh, H. S., Ranganath, H. R., Shivakumara, B., & Kalleshwaraswamy, C. M. (2006). Pheromone Trapping Protocols for Brinjal Shoot and Fruit Borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Evaluation of Trap Design, Quantity and Dispenser. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 1(1), 39-43.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 288

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.