Problems and Prospects of Banana Breeding in India

Authors

  • N Kumar Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v1i2.645

Keywords:

Problems and Prospects of Banana Breeding in India

Abstract

Banana breeding programme in India involves maintenance of various genetic resources of banana, of which triploids constitute the maximum share over diploids or tetraploids. RAPD studies conducted in these clones exhibit many distinct genotypes. During a hybridization programme, although many crosses were made, seed set and seed germination were relatively poor in many crosses. Male fertility in banana hybrids could be assessed by pollen output per anther; pollen viability and pollen size, which vary from cross to cross, and also from ploidy to ploidy. Ploidy levels in hybrids are estimated by phenotypic appearance (scoring technique) and confirmed either by stomatal density, size and number of chloroplast per guard cell pair or root tip mitosis. However, flow cytometry appears to be the most reliable method in many disputed cases. Generation of parthenocarpic hybrids depends largely upon selection and utilization of parents with parthenocarpic pedigree in a breeding programme. Evaluation of hybrids and parents indicated the nature of inheritance with respect to plant height and suckering habit but no definite trend could be ascribed to the traits of bunch orientation. Diploid x Diploid breeding approach has led to identification of a superior triploid hybrid, NPH 02-01, while Triploid (with AB)xDiploid approach has led to the development of a promising diploid hybrid H.212 and a triploid hybrid H.96/7 (ABB). Similarly, the Triploid x Diploid breeding programme resulted in development of many potential tetraploids that need further improvement. Innovative breeding approaches through in vitro mutation breeding and in vitro polyploidazation resulted in the development of many potentially useful variants. Breeding for resistance against biotic stresses such as Fusarium wilt and nematodes holds promise in banana, and, biochemical mechanisms for resistance in resistant genotypes/hybrids have been elucidated.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbattista Gentile and Matta, A. 1975. Production of some effects of ethylene in relation to Fusarium wilt of tomato. Physiol. Pl. Pathol., 5: 27-35.

Anonymous. 1968. Final Report, Central Banana Research Station, Aduthurai, Govt. Dept. of Agri., Madras.

Anonymous. 1998. Biennial Report of the Department of Pomology, HC&RI, TNAU, Coimbatore, All India Coordinated Research Project on Tropical Fruits, TNAU, Coimbatore.

Anonymous. 1999. Annual Report of the Department of Pomology, HC&RI, TNAU, Coimbatore, All India Coordinated Research Project on Tropical Fruits, TNAU, Coimbatore.

Azhakiamanavalan, R.S., Bhakthavatsalu, C.M., Sathiamoorthy, S. and Kulasekaran, S. 1985. Co.1 Banana, South Ind. Hort., 32 : 51-52.

Baskar Rajan, G., 1998. In vitro improvement of banana through mutation breeding. Ph. D. Thesis, TNAU, Coimbatore. Bhakthavatsalu, C.M. and Sathiamoorthy, S.1979. Banana clonal situation in India: A resume, Fruits, 11: 34-46.

Brake, V.M., Pegg, K.G.,. Irwin, J.A.A.G. and Chaseling, J. 1995. The influence of temperature, inoculum level and race of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubsense on disease reaction of banana cv. Cavendish. Aust. J. Agrl. Res., 46 : 673-685.

Chellaiah, S. 2000. Evaluation of M1 V2 generation of banana cultivars Robusta (AAA) and Rasthali (AAB) for yield and yield associated traits. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Damodaran. 2004. Breeding for resistance to Fusarium wilt and nematodes in banana (Musa spp.). Ph.D. (Hort.) Thesis. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Darlington, C.D. 1937. Recent Advances in Cytology (2nd Ed.), Churchill Ltd., London. Dodds, K.S. 1943. The genetic system of banana varieties in relation to banana breeding. Emp. J. Exptl. Agril., 11: 89-98.

Dolezel, J., Dolezelova, M.., Roux, N. and Houwe, I. V. 1997. Use of flow cytometry for rapid ploidy determination in Musa species. InfoMusa, 6: 6-9.

Dosselaere, N., Araya, M. and De Waele, D. 2003. Effect of pot volume on root growth, Radopholus similis reproductive potential and its damage on bananas. InfoMusa, 12 : 17-21.

Fogain, R. 1995. Study of resistance of Musa spp. to nematodes (Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus goodeyi). Ph.D. Thesis, University of Reading, Berkshire, U.K. Fogain, R. and Gowen, S. R. 1996. Investigations on possible mechanisms of resistance to nematodes in Musa. Euphytica, 92: 375-381.

Ganga, M. 2001. In vitro induction of tetraploidy in diploid bananas. Ph.D. Thesis Submitted to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Ganga, M., Chezhiyan, N., Kumar, N. and Soorianathasundaram, K. 2002. Stomatal and chloroplast traits as ploidy assessment techniques for ploidy screening of in vitro induced tetraploids of banana. Phytomorphology, 52 : pp.113-120.

Gowen, S.R. 1993. Possible approaches for developing nematode resistance in bananas and plantains. In: Breeding banana and plantain for resistance to diseases and pests (J. Ganry. Ed.), INIBAP, Montpellier, France, pp. 123-128

Gowen, S.R., Sathiamoorthy, S., Shanthi, A. and Soorianathasundaram, K. 1998. Nematode Resistance in Banana screening of hybrids and germplasm in India. Presented in ‘International Symposium of Bananas and Food Security’ held at Douala, Cameroon, 10-14th November, 1998.

Gunavathi, J. 2000. Studies on Resistance to Panama Wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense) in certain banana hybrids. M.Sc Thesis submitted to Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Gunavathi, J., Kumar, N., Soorianathasundaram, K. and Samiyappan, R. 2003. Reaction of synthetic diploids to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Race-1) and to a Fusarium-nematode complex. In: 2nd International Symposium of Fusarium wilt on Banana. p. 22.

Jacob, K.C. 1952. Madras Bananas – A Monograph, Govt. Press. Madras.

Jagannath, P.S.K., Kumar N., Soorianathasundaram, K. and Maheshwaran, M. 2003. P107-Molecular characterization of Musa diploids using RAPD markers. 1st International Congress on Musa. Harnssing research to improve livelihoods, Penang, Malaysia, 6-9 July, 2004. p.86.

Jean Carlier, Dirk De Waele and Jean-Vincent Escalant. 2002. INIBAP Technical guidelines on Global evaluation of Musa germplasm for resistance to Fusarium wilt and Mycosphaerella leaf spot diseases and nematodes. Anne Vézina and Claudine Picq, (Eds.) INIBAP Publ.

Karmacharya, J.K.L., Aravindakashan, M. and Valsalakumari, P.K. 1992. Cross compatability of banana clones. Agril. Res.J. Kerala, 30: 1-5.

Kavitha P. S, 2004. Breeding for resistance to nematodes in banana (Musa spp.) Ph.D. (Hort.) Thesis. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Krishnamoorthy, V. 2002. Breeding for resistance to Sigatoka leaf spot and nematodes in banana (Musa spp.). Ph.D. (Hort.) Thesis. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Krishnamoorthy, V. and Kumar, N. 2005. Breeding potential of new synthetic banana hybrids. Pl. Genet. Res. Newslett., 144:63-64.

Kumar, N. and Soorianathasundaram, K. 2002. Progress and current strategies in banana improvement in Tamil Nadu (India). Global Conference on Banana and Plantain, 28-31, October 2002, Bangalore, organized by AIPUB, INIBAP and FAO (Abstr.).

Kumar, N., Soorianathasundaram, K., Ganga, M., Krishnamoorthy, V. and Damodaran,T. 2004. Banana breeding at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. In: International Congress on Musa-Harnessing research to improve livelihoods, Penang, Malaysia 6-9 July, 2004. p.11.

Matsumoto, K., Milena luz Barbosa, Luiz Augusto Copati Souza and Joao Batista Teixeira. 1995. Race 1 Fusarium wilt tolerance on banana plants selected by fusaric acid. Euphytica, 84: 67-71.

Menon, R., Sunny, K.M., Babu, T.D., Nazeem, P.A. and Keshavachandran, R. 2003 – 2004. Genetic diversity of cultivars from southern India using RAPD markers and 1st International Congress on Musa. -Harnessing research to improve livelihoods, Penang, Malaysia, 6-9 July, 2004. p. 7.

Ortiz, R. 1995. Musa genetics. In : Bananas and plantains. Gowen, S (Ed.), Chapman Hall, London, U.K., pp. 84- 109.

Ortiz, R. and Vuylsteke, D. 1994. Inheritance of black Sigatoka resistance in plantain and Banana (Musa spp.) hybrids. Theor. Appl. Genet., 89: 156-162.

Ortiz, R. and Vuylsteke, D. 1996. Advances in Musa genetics. IITA Research Lett., 13. p. 1-9.

Pegg, K.G., Moore, N.Y. and Bentley, S. 1996. Fusarium wilt of banana in Australia: A review. Austr. J. Agril. Res., 47 : 637-650.

Puskaran, K. 1991. Better hybrids between cv. Karpooravally (ABB) a potential parent and Pisang Lilin (AA). Banana Newslett., 14 : 3-4.

Rajendran, G., Bhakthavatsalu, C.M., Madhava Rao, V.N. and Md. Abdul Khader, J.B.M. 1980. Studies on the distribution of nematodes of banana in Tamil Nadu. In: Procs. Nat’l. Sem. Banana Prodn. Tech., Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Raman,V.S. 1973. Cytogenetics of Bananas. Proc. Workshop Fruits, All India Co-ordinated Fruit Improvement Project, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Raman,V.S., Sree Rangasamy, S.R. and Ali khan, W.M. 1968. Metroglyph analysis of South Indian varieties in banana complex. Ind. J. Bot. Soc., 47: 210-18.

Ramirez, D.A. 1990. A cytological survey of Phillipine bananas. In: Identification of genetic diversity in the genus Musa. R.L. Jarret (Ed.), INIBAP, Montpellier, France, pp. 92-107.

Rekha. A, Sai Prasad, G.V.S., Anand, L. and Ravishankar, K.V. 2004. The use of RAPD markers to detect variability between AB cultivars. 1st International Congress on Musa. Harnessing research to improve livelihoods, Penang, Malaysia held on 6-9 July, 2004. p 87.

Reuveni, R. and Karchi, J. F. 1987. Peroxidase activity – A possible marker for resistance of melon against downy mildew (Abstr). Phytopathol., 77: 1724.

Reuveni, R., Shimmoni, M. and Crute, I. R. 1992. An association between high peroxidase activity in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and field resistance to Downy mildew (Bremia lactuca). J. Phytopathol., 132: 312-318.

Rowe, P.R. and Rosales, F.E. 1996. Bananas and plantains. In: Fruit breeding Vol.1., Janick J. and J.N. Moore (Eds.). John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, pp. 167-211.

Sariah, M.., Lim, C. L. and Tariq, S. A. 1999. Use of biochemical marker as a measure of resistance towards Fusarium wilt of banana. Procs. Int’l Workshop on the banana Fusarium wilt disease, 18-20 October 1999, Malaysia, pp. 243-249.

Sathiamoorthy, S and Balamohan, T.N. 1993. Improvement of Banana. In: Adv. in Horti. Vol.1- Fruit Crops. Part 1 (eds: K.L chadha and O.P. Pareek), Malhotra publishing House, New Delhi.

Sathiamoorthy, S. 1973. Preliminary investigations on breeding potential of some banana clones. M.Sc. (Ag.) dissertation, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Sathiamoorthy, S. 1987. Studies on male breeding potential and certain aspects of breeding banana, Ph.D. thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Sathiamoorthy, S. and Rao, V.N.M. 1980. Pollen production in relation to genome and ploidy in banana clones. Proc. Nat’l Seminar Banana Prod. Tech., Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.

Sathiamoorthy, S., Gowen, S.R. and Soorianathasundaram, K. 1998. Banana growing in Peninsular India. Major Constraints and Remedies. Presented in International Symposium on ‘Banana Food Security’ held at Douala, Cameroon (W.Africa), November 10-14, 1998.

Sathiamoorthy, S., Madhava Rao, V.N. and Bhakthavatsalu, C.M. 1988. Banana germplasm and breeding in India Current Problems on Fruits and Vegetables in Tropics and Subtropics, Los Banos, Laguna, the Philippines, Book Series No.60/1988

Sathiamoorthy, S., Madhava Rao, V.N. and Muthukrishnan, C.R. 1979. Banana germplasm and breeding. All India Co-ordinated Fruit Improvement Project Workshop, Bangalore, August, 1976.

Shepherd, K. 1960. Seed fertility of edible bananas. J. Hortl. Sci., 35:6-20.

Simmonds N.W. 1959. Experiments on the germination of banana seeds. Trop. Agric. Trinidad, 29: 259 – 273.

Simmonds N.W. 1962. The evolution of the bananas. Longmans, Green & Co, London. Simmonds, N. W. 1948. The effects of ploidy upon the leaf of Musa. Ann. Bot., 12: 441-453.

Simmonds, N. W. 1953. Segregations in some diploid bananas. J. Genet., 51: 458-469.

Simmonds, N.W. 1952. Experiments on the pollination of seeded diploid bananas. J. Genet., 51: 32-40.

Speijer, P. R. and Gold, C. S. 1996. Musa root health assessment: A technique for the evaluation of Musa germplasm for nematode resistance. pp. 62-78. In: New Frontiers in Resistance Breeding for Nematodes, Fusarium and Sigatoka (Frison E.A., Horry, J.P. and De Waele D., Eds.). INIBAP, Montpellier, France.

Sun, E.J., and Su, H.J. 1984. Rapid method for determining differential pathogenicity of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense using banana plantlets. Trop. Agri., 61: 7-8.

Sundararaju, P. 1996. Nematode pests of banana and their management. Souvenir, In: Conf. Chal. Banana Prodn. Utliz. 1st Century, Trichy, September, 24-25, pp.17-19.

Sundararaju, P. 1996. Nematode pests of banana and their management. Souvenir, In: Conf. Chal. Banana Prodn. Utlizn. 1st Century, at Trichy, September, 24-25, pp.17-19.

Swennen R. and Vuylsteke, D. 1993. Aspects of plantain breeding at IITA. in Sigatoka leaf spot disease: Proceedings of an international workshop (R.A. Fullerton & R.H. Stover, eds). San José, Costa Rica, Pp. 252-266.

Tenkouano, A., Crouch, J. H., Crouch, H. K. and Vuylsteke, D. 1998. Ploidy determination in Musa germplasm using pollen and chloroplast characteristics. Hort. Sci., 33 : 889-890.

Uma. S, Saraswathi , M.S., Manickavasagam, M., Sathiamoorthy, S. and Rajagopal, G. 2003 – 2004. Effect of polyploidizing agents on cvs ‘Matti’ (AA) and ‘Kunnan’ (AB) and 1st International Congress on Musa.. Harnessing research to improve livelihoods, Penang, Malaysia, held on 6-9 July, 2004. p. 18

Vakili, N.G. 1964. Fusarium wilt resistance in seedlings and mature seedlings and mature plants of Musa species. Phytopath., 55: 135-140.

Vakili, N.G. 1965. Fusarium wilt resistance in seedlings and mature plants of Musa species. Phytopath., 55: 135- 140.

Van Etten, H.D., Sandrock, R.W., Wasmam, C.C., Soby, S.D., Mellusky, K. and Wang, P. 1995. Detoxification of phytoanticipins and phytoalexins by phytopathogenic fungi. Can. J. Bot., 73 (Suppl. 1):S518-S525.

Vandenhout, H., Ortiz, R., Vuylsteke, D., Swennen, R. and. Bai, K.V. 1995. Effect of ploidy on stomatal and other quantitative traits in plantain and banana hybrids. Euphytica, 83: 117-122.

Vasil, I.K. 1958. The cultivation of excised anthers and the culture and storage of pollen grains. Amer. J. Bot., 47: 239-247.

Venkataramani, K.S. 1949. On the occurrence of Musa balbisaina Colla in South India and its importance in banana breeding. Madras Agri. J., 35: 552-554.

Vera, P. and Conejero, V. 1989. The induction and accumulation of pathogenesis -related P69 proteinase in tomato during citrus exocortis viroid infection and after chemical treatments. Physiol. Mol. Pl. Pathol., 34: 323- 334.

Vidhyasekaran, P. 1993. Defense genes for crop disease management, Genetic Engineering, Tissue Culture, and Molecular Biology for Crop Pest and Disease Management (P. Vidhyasekaran ed.), Daya Publishing House, New Delhi, pp.17-30.

Vuylsteke, D., Ortiz, R. and Swennen, R. 1993. Development and performance of black Sigatoka resistant tetraploid hybrids of plantain (Musa spp., AAB group). Euphytica, 65: 33-42.

Downloads

Published

31-12-2006

Issue

Section

Focus

How to Cite

Kumar, N. (2006). Problems and Prospects of Banana Breeding in India. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 1(2), 77-94. https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v1i2.645

Similar Articles

1-10 of 260

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.