Onion and Garlic Research in India


  • K E Lawande Author
  • Anil Khar Author
  • V Mahajan Author
  • P S Srinivas Author
  • V Sankar Author
  • R P Singh Author




Onion, Garlic, Improvement, Biotechnology


Onion and garlic research in India has produced 45 open-pollinated and two F1 hybrids in onion and approximately 25 varieties in garlic. Red onion is used for domestic consumption and export while the white onion is used mostly for processing. Improvement in garlic has been largely through clonal selection and mutation breeding. Somaclonal variations for development of varieties have not been used till now. Research on biotechnology for crop improvement in onion and garlic in India is in a nascent stage. While research on crop production has seen tremendous improvement, research on organic production and precision farming, good agricultural practices and mechanization needs to be carried out in future. Similarly, studies on plant protection have identified researchable issues for future work. This paper gives a brief overview of onion and garlic research scenario in India and technologies needed to be developed and practiced.


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How to Cite

Lawande, K. E., Khar, A., Mahajan, V., Srinivas, P. S., Sankar, V., & Singh, R. P. (2009). Onion and Garlic Research in India. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 4(2), 91-119. https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v4i2.527

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