Role of Paclobutrazol and Ethephon in Reproductive Growth of 'Allahabad Safeda' Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Plants at Different Spacing

Authors

  • J S Brar
  • J S Bal

Keywords:

Guava, Paclobutrazol, Ethephon, Flowering and Fruiting

Abstract

A study on 4-year 'Allahabad Safeda' guava plants was made to assess the influence of Paclobutrazol (PP 333), [(2RS, 3RS)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)-4,4-dimethyl-2-(1,2,4 triazol-1-yl) pentan-3-ol], a gibberellin-inhibitor, and Ethephon [(2-chloroethyl) phosphonic acid], a vegetative growth inhibitor and a ripening promoter, on reproductive growth of plants. Treatments in the form of foliar application at 500 and 1000 ppm were applied consecutively during March 2007 and 2008 on plants at 6m x 2m, 6m x 3m, 6m x 4m and 6m x 5m spacing. Maximum flowering and fruit set was recorded in paclobutrazol treated plants in both rainy and winter crops. Ethephon reduced flower bud density (FBD) and fruit set during both the cropping seasons. However, Ethephon treated plants exhibited slightly higher fruit retention. Ethephon advances fruit maturity by upto a week during rainy season and two weeks during winter season. Paclobutrazol treated plants exhibited significantly higher fruit number, fruit yield, yield efficiency, fruiting density compared to Ethephon treated and control plants. Reproductive growth of plants at wider spacing of 6m x 5m and 6m x 4m significantly improved compared to closer spacings of 6m x 2m and 6m x 3m during both cropping seasons. Plants at wider spacing responded better to Paclobutrazol applications with respect to flowering and fruiting.

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Published

2010-12-31

How to Cite

Brar, J. S., & Bal, J. S. (2010). Role of Paclobutrazol and Ethephon in Reproductive Growth of ’Allahabad Safeda’ Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Plants at Different Spacing. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 5(2), 128–133. Retrieved from https://jhs.iihr.res.in/index.php/jhs/article/view/461

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Section

Original Research Papers