Investigation on promising progenies of Dragon fruit (Hylocereus spp.)

Authors

  • G Karunakaran ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India Author
  • T Sakthivel ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India Author
  • M Arivalagan ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India
  • D C Lakshmana Reddy ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India Author
  • P C Tripathi Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi - 110012, India Author
  • D Kalaivanan ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2633

Keywords:

Betalains, dwarfness, genetic variability, mutation, reducing sugar

Abstract

Dragon fruit (Hylocereus spp.) is an exotic vine cactus, rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, commonly known as ‘pitaya’ is a weather resilient crop. In order to develop superior varieties, a large number of progenies obtained from open pollinated seedling of cvs. Hiryur red, Vietnam pink and Vietnam red were raised and evaluated. To broaden the genetic base with desired traits, seeds of Hirehalli red and Hirehalli white were irradiated with gamma rays (500, 600 and 700 Gy), EMS (2.25, 2.5 and 2.75%) and sodium azide (0.04, 0.05 and 0.06%) and evaluated for horticultural traits. Three elite progenies such as CHESH-D1, CHESH-D2, and CHESH-D3 were obtained from open pollinated seedlings of cvs. Hiryur red, Vietnam red and Vietnam pink, respectively, and one EMS (2.5%) treated mutant i.e. CHESH-DE were selected based on their morphological and yield traits. The selection CHESH-D1 performed superior with highest fruit weight (507.71 g) and yield (39.50 kg/ pole) compared to CHESH-D2 and CHESH-D3. The biochemical characters namely, TSS (15.35 oB), total sugars (5.95 g), reducing sugars (4.91 g) and betalains (21.2 mg BCE) were recorded highest in CHESH-D2, and one EMS (2.5%) treated mutant from cv. Hirehalli red showed better adaptability and dwarfness. These elite progenies are at final stage of performance assessment to be released as variety in India.

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Author Biographies

  • G Karunakaran, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

    Division of Fruit Crops, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

  • T Sakthivel, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

    Division of Fruit Crops, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089, India 

  • M Arivalagan, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

    Division of Basic Sciences, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

  • D C Lakshmana Reddy, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

    Division of Basic Sciences, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

  • P C Tripathi, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi - 110012, India

    Horticultural Science Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi - 110012, India

  • D Kalaivanan, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

    Division of Natural Resource Management, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru - 560089, India

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Published

04-06-2024

How to Cite

Karunakaran, G., Sakthivel, T., Lakshmana Reddy, D. C., Tripathi, P. C., & Kalaivanan, D. (2024). Investigation on promising progenies of Dragon fruit (Hylocereus spp.) (M. Arivalagan , Trans.). Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2633

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