Exploration of genetic variability in Garcinia [Garcinia gummi-gutta L.(Robson)] germplasm based on growth, yield and quality traits

Authors

  • S T Bini Sundar Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India Author
  • G Ashokkumar Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India Author
  • A Jaya Jasmine Horticultural Research Station, Pechiparai, Kaniyakumari - 629161, Tamil Nadu, India Author
  • S Vasanth Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2628

Keywords:

Correlation analysis, DNA fingerprints, garcinia, principal component analysis

Abstract

Eleven Garcinia germplasm along with local check of Pechiparai were evaluated and underwent principal component analysis to assess genetic divergence and variation patterns during 2019 to 2022. The first two principal components, contributing significant Eigen values, explained 71.20% of the total variability. The Acc. Gg 9 was the top performer, exhibiting favourable yield and growth traits with lower pest and disease incidence, high biochemical compounds viz., hydroxy citric acid and tartaric acid compared to local check. Cluster analysis revealed four major clusters, offering diversity for breeding programs. Correlation studies highlighted traits such as number of fruits per tree, rind thickness, and tartaric acid showing significant positive correlations with yield per tree. Selection based on identified key traits was deemed crucial for enhancing effectiveness. Additionally, DNA fingerprinting analysis indicated the potential use of RAPD markers (OPA03570) for differentiating Kudampuli cultivar PPI (K) 1 from the local check. Overall, the present investigation provides insights into optimizing Garcinia breeding programs, emphasizing trait-based selection and DNA fingerprinting for varietal differentiation.

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Author Biographies

  • S T Bini Sundar, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India

    Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India

  • G Ashokkumar, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India

    Assistant professor (Horticulture)

    Horticultural College and Research Institutes,

    Coimbatore- 641003

     

     

  • A Jaya Jasmine, Horticultural Research Station, Pechiparai, Kaniyakumari - 629161, Tamil Nadu, India

    Professor and Head, 

    Horticulture Research station, Pechiparai

    Kaniyakumari - 629161 Tamil Nadu

  • S Vasanth, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore - 641003, India

    Ph.D Scholar, Department of Spices and Plantation Crops,

    Horticultural College and Research Institute,

    Coimbatore - 641003.

     

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Published

29-04-2024

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Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Bini Sundar, S. T., Ashokkumar, G., Jaya Jasmine, A., & Vasanth, S. (2024). Exploration of genetic variability in Garcinia [Garcinia gummi-gutta L.(Robson)] germplasm based on growth, yield and quality traits. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.2628

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