Floral biology studies in wild melon [Cucumis melo L. ssp. agrestis (Naudin) Pangalo var. agrestis Naudin]

Authors

  • Kalyan Chakravarthi G College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India
  • Vasant M G College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9675-4127
  • Bhuvaneshwari G College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9675-4127
  • Patil B B College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India
  • Raghavendra G College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India
  • Shankarappa T H College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.2051

Keywords:

Anthesis, floral biology, phenology, pollen viability, wild melon

Abstract

Studies on floral morphology, phenology and biology of wild melon revealed that the ratio of staminate and pistillate flowers was 3.40:1. The longevity of the male flowers were between 5 and 6 days, whereas, female flowers between 6 and 7 days. Anthesis was observed from 4.00 am to 10.00 am, while, the anther dehiscence started from 5.00 am which was continued to 7.00 am. The peak anthesis was observed from 8.00 am to 9.00 am and anther dehiscence from 6.00 am to 6.30 am. Freshly opened flowers showed pollen viability up to 98.35%, decreased upon closure and crashed to 17.48% in 3 days. Pollen germination was occurred after 15 minutes of incubation and continued up to 24 h of incubation. The stigma receptivity lasts from one to two days of anthesis. Major pollinator of wild melons observed was honey bee, mostly visited between 9:00 am to 6:00 pm.

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Author Biographies

Vasant M G, College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India

Professor

Department of Vegetable Science

Bhuvaneshwari G, College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India

Professor

Department of Post Harvest management

Patil B B, College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India

Assistant Professor

Department of entomology

Raghavendra G, College of Horticulture, UHS Campus Bengaluru - 560065, Karnataka, India

Assistant professor

Department of Molicular Biology

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Published

2023-12-27

How to Cite

G, K. C., M G, V., G, B., Patil, B. B., G, R., & T H, S. (2023). Floral biology studies in wild melon [Cucumis melo L. ssp. agrestis (Naudin) Pangalo var. agrestis Naudin]. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v18i2.2051

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Section

Original Research Papers