In vitro screening of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes for drought tolerance

Authors

  • P Sharma University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India Author
  • A R Kurubar University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India Author
  • B V Tembhurem University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India Author
  • S Patil University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.1882

Keywords:

Chilli, drought tolerance, PEG treatment, screening

Abstract

Chilli drought tolerance testing at the germination stage using osmotic polyethylene glycol (PEG) is an alternative method for conducting rapid screening in order to assemble drought tolerant varieties. Under normal and drought conditions, 16 chilli genotypes and 3 levels PEG 6000 @ 5% (-0.3 Mpa), 10% (-0.6 Mpa), 15% (-0.9 Mpa) and control were screened under in vitro for drought tolerance at the seeding stage in completely randomized factorial design with three replications. Among the genotypes tested, UARChH 42, UARChH 43, and Arka Swetha were found as drought-tolerant, indicating their utilization in breeding drought-tolerant genotypes and enhance cultivation in drought-prone regions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • P Sharma, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India

    Department of Horticulture

    University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India

  • A R Kurubar, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India

    Professor, Dept. of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India

  • B V Tembhurem, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India

    Professor ad Head, Dept. of Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India

  • S Patil, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur - 584 104, Karnataka, India

    Assitant professor, Dept. of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka, India

References

Aazami, M. A., Torabi, M., & Jalili, E. (2010). In vitro response of promising tomato genotypes for tolerance to osmotic stress. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9, 4014-4017. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB09.1452

Agogbua, J. U., & Okoli, B. E. (2022). Procedure for in vitro seed sterilization, germination and aseptic seedling establishment of Zehneria capillacea (Schumach) C. jeffrey. GSC Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences,

(1), 143-148. https://doi.org/10.30574/gscbps.2022.19.1.0135

Ahmad, J. Ali, A. A. Al-Huqail, A. A., & Qureshi, M. I. (2021). Triacontanol attenuates drought- induced oxidative stress in Brassica juncea L. by regulating lignification genes, calcium metabolism and the antioxidant system. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 166, 985-998. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2021.07.009

An, Y. P. Qiang, A. L. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhang, W. Y. Cao, G. L., & Han, L. Z. (2006). Study on characteristics of germination and drought- resistance index by osmotic stress in rice. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 7(4), 421-426.

Anjum, S. A., Xie, X., Wang, L., Saleem, M. F., Man, C., & Lei, W. (2011). Morphological, physiological and biochemical responses of plants to drought stress. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(9), 2026-2032. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR10.027.

Bayoumi, T. Y., Eid, M. H., & Metwali, E. M. (2008). Application of physiological and biochemical indices as a screening technique for drought tolerance in wheat genotypes. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(14), 2341-2352. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB2008.000-5059

Garg, C., Sharma, K., Sharma, A., & Ram, K. (2019). Effect of mannitol concentration on chilli genotypes. Global Journal of Bio-science and Biotechnology, 8(1), 15-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.12480.69123.

Kumar, A. P. Reddy, N. N., & Lakshmi. J. N. (2017). PEG Induced screening for drought tolerance in tomato genotypes. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(7), 168-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.020

Mollah, M. R., Rohman, M. M., Monsur, M. B., Hasanuzzaman, M., & Hassan, L. (2021). Screening and assessment of selected chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes for drought tolerance at seedling stage. Phyton, 90(5), 1425. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2021.015591

Poobalan, V. Praneetha, S. Arumugam, T. Jeyakumar, P., & Kumaravadivel, N. (2020). Screening of Capsicum annuum and its related species for drought tolerance. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(1), 2139-2146. https://

dx.doi.org/10.22271/phyto

Prasad, P. V. V., Pisipati, S. R., Momčilović, I., & Ristic, Z. (2011). Independent and combined effects of high temperature and drought stress during grain filling on plant yield and chloroplast EF Tu expression in spring wheat. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 197(6), 430-441. https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1439-037X.2011.00477.X

Ramegowda, V., & Senthil-Kumar, M. (2015). The interactive effects of simultaneous biotic and abiotic stresses on plants: mechanistic understanding from drought and pathogen combination. The Journal of Plant Physiology, 176, 47-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2014.11.008

Reed, R. C., Bradford, K. J., & Khanday, I. (2022). Seed germination and vigor: ensuring crop sustainability in a changing climate. Heredity, 128, 450–459. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-022-00497-2

Sikurajapathy, M. Cappy, J. J., & Gross, H. D. (1983). A Method for inducing controlled moisture stress on seedlings. Agronomy Journal, 75(5), 840-843. https://doi.org/ 10.2134/AGRONJ1983.00021962007500050026X

Singh, D. P., Singh, V., Gupta, V. K., Shukla, R., Prabha, R., & Sarma, B. K. (2020). Microbial inoculation in rice regulates antioxidative reactions and defense related genes to mitigate drought stress. Scientific Reports, 10,4818. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61140-w

Tyagi, A., Santha, I. M., & Mehta, S. L. (2010). Molecular response to water stress in Lathyrus sativus. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 4, 47-49. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03262951

Wani, S. H., Sofi, P. A., Gosal, S. S., & Singh, N. B. (2010). In vitro screening of rice (Oryza sativa L) callus for drought tolerance. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5(2), 108-115.

Downloads

Published

26-06-2024

Issue

Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Sharma, P., Kurubar, A. R., Tembhurne, B. V., & Paatil, S. (2024). In vitro screening of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes for drought tolerance. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.1882

Similar Articles

1-10 of 175

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.