Physico-morphological and biochemical characteristics of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) genotypes

Authors

  • S Gomez Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India Author
  • K Sebastian Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India Author
  • P K Maneesha Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India Author
  • M Joseph Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.1749

Keywords:

Carotenoids, jackfruit, pectin, total phenols, total sugars, TSS

Abstract

Thirty-eight jackfruit genotypes including check varieties ‘Muttom Varikka’ and ‘Sindhoor’ selected from homesteads of farmers across Kerala, were characterized for their dessert quality. Results revealed that the TSS and total sugar contents of AH-32, AH-18, AH-33 and AH-36 were 32, 25.5, 25.9 and 29.7 °Brix, whereas, the total sugars were 34.75, 25.92, 21.9 and 25%, respectively. Among the accessions, AH-2 recorded the highest total carotenoids (3131.88 μg 100g-1), which, was higher than check varieties ‘Muttom Varikka’ and ‘Sindhoor’. The genotypes viz., AH-18, AH-32, AH-33 and AH-36 can be considered ideal for dessert purpose and can also be used for development of value added products. However, the promising ones can be utilized in breeding programmes to improve quality and yield.

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Author Biographies

  • S Gomez, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India

    Department of Postharvest Management, College of Agriculture,
    Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India

  • K Sebastian, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India

    Senior Research Fellow, Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Agriculture

  • P K Maneesha, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India

    Senior Research Fellow, Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Agriculture

  • M Joseph, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur - 680656, India

    Associate Professor (Retired), Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Agriculture

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Published

10-06-2024

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Section

Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Gomez, S., Sebastian, K., Maneesha, P. K., & Joseph, M. (2024). Physico-morphological and biochemical characteristics of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) genotypes. Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.24154/jhs.v19i1.1749

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