Combining ability studies to develop superior hybrids in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum L.)


  • Smaranika Mishra ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089 Author
  • Varsha V. Author
  • Lingaiah H.B. Author
  • Venugopalan R. Author
  • Keshav Rao V. Author
  • Jyothi Kattegoudar Author
  • Madhavi Reddy K. Author



Bell pepper, general combining ability, specific combining ability, hybrids, yield


General combining ability (GCA) among parents and specific combining ability (SCA) of crosses were studied to identify best crosses for growth and yield traits in bell pepper. Experimental material included 21 F1 hybrids developed by crossing seven parents in half di-allel mating design. Parents and crosses were planted in randomized block design during Rabi 2019 for estimating their combining ability. Among parents, Arka Mohini showed good GCA effects for most of the traits (number of secondary branches, early flowering and harvesting, fruit weight and yield). Among crosses, Arka Mohini × CW308, Arka Mohini × California Wonder and Yolo Wonder × California Wonder were identified as potential one for yield attributing traits based on SCA effects.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • Smaranika Mishra, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089

    ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru 560089


Aditika, 2018. Studies on heterosis, combining ability and confirmation of hybridity in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Ph. D Thesis, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry. Solan (Nauni), Himachal Pradesh (India).

Devi, M. B., Pathania, N. K. and Thakur, N, 2018. Estimation of genetic variability, GCA and SCA effects for development of early and high yielding bell pepper hybrids suitable for protected cultivation. J. Nat. Appl. Sci., 10(1): 410-416

Fasahat, P., Rajabi, A., Rad, J. M. and Derera, J., 2016. Principles and utilization of combining ability in plant breeding. Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal., 4(1): 1-24.

Galal, R. M., Mohamed, A. G. and Ismail, H. E. M, 2018. Combining ability for yield and fruit quality in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Zagazig. J. Agric. Res., :835-850.

Hegde, C. B., Pant, S. C., Thilak, J. C. and Punetha, S., 2019. Analysis of combining ability and studies of gene action for yield and yield contributing traits in a half diallel cross of capsicum (Capsicum annuum L. var. Grossum Sendt .). J. Pharmacogn Phytochem., 8(3): 274-277.

Kamble, C., Mulge, R. and Madalageri, M. B, 2009. Combining ability for earliness and productivity in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). J. Agric. Sci., 22(1): 151-154.

Kaur, J., Spehia, R. S. and Verma, N, 2018. Estimating combining ability for earliness and yield contributing traits in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var grossum L.) under protected conditions. Int. J. Microbial. App.Sci., 7(8): 308-319.

Praveen, Y., Srinivasa, V., Lakshmana, D. and Hadapad, B, 2017. Combining ability studies for growth and yield characters in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)., Environ. Ecol., 35(2): 1521-1525.

Sharma, V. K., Punetha, S. and Sharma, B. B, 2013. Heterosis studies for earliness, fruit yield and yield attributing traits in bell pepper. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 8(29): 4088-4098.

Sood, S. and Kumar, N, 2010. Heterosis for fruit yield and related horticultural traits in bell pepper. Int. J. Veg. Sci., 16(4): 361-373.






Original Research Papers

How to Cite

Mishra, S., V., V., H.B. , L. ., R., V. ., V., K. R. ., Kattegoudar, J. . ., & Reddy K., M. (2021). Combining ability studies to develop superior hybrids in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum L.). Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 16(2), 199-205.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 355

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.